What is petty cash?
Managing petty cash with cards creates less of a hassle for the company. However, it can be challenging for a business involved in multiple countries or operating across multiple offices. All these details are usually completed through a petty cash voucher/worksheet. what is the effective interest method of amortization These worksheets come in different forms but generally require similar information. The best way to control the account is to designate one person in the office to be responsible. If you have more than one employee, you could delegate managing the account.
- The only problem is she has no cash and her credit card is maxed out.
- After the money is spent, a petty cash receipt should always be given to accounting in order to aid the petty cash reconciliation process.
- When dealing with a cash-only business, and without a petty cash box, you’d have to send someone down to the nearest ATM each time.
Petty cash is the small amount companies use for minor business needs and expenses. Traditionally in most companies, the petty cash is stored in a cash box or drawer under the custody of the petty cashier. As we mentioned earlier, petty cash is used instead of cash or check to pay for small expenses in a company. Also, it takes a considerable amount of time for the check to be signed and processed. Therefore, companies always resort to cash for payment to avoid all this hassle. Create a list of allowable expenses for which the petty cash fund can be used.
Have your petty cash box in a designated space
Once the account is reconciled, you’re ready to record your expenses into your general ledger. When your petty cash fund starts to run dry, it’s time to record the expenses and reimburse the fund. To reconcile, you’ll need to match your receipts with the amounts recorded on the petty cash form. If there’s a shortage or overage, a journal line entry is recorded to an over/short account. If the petty cash fund is over, a credit is entered to represent a gain. If the petty cash fund is short, a debit is entered to represent a loss.
However, to effectively use your organization’s petty cash fund, you must create a list of petty cash policies and best practices that your employees must follow diligently. Companies must introduce strict internal policies and controls to manage petty cash. In most organizations, a few individuals called petty cashiers are appointed to authorize and approve petty cash disbursements. Petty cash funds are very flexible and come in handy for legitimate and legal business expenses. For instance, a huge organization with hundreds of employees will have a petty cash fund for each department. But if you find that most of your petty cash is not being used, the fund amount might be too large.
Supporting documentation will be forwarded to Financial Services by the Bursar for reconciliation. Petty cash is used to cover minor expenditures, which can aid employers in reimbursing employees and clients for small expenses. Some examples may include snacks, transport fares, office supplies, etc. Access more informative articles from the QuickBooks Blog that help grow and improve small businesses.
However, recordation errors and theft may result in a variance from the initial funding amount. For example, a petty cash card for businesses makes each transaction trackable, and holds employees accountable for the small expenses that they are incurring. It means that the petty cash custodians (remember that one?) no longer have to send a company-wide email wondering when that missing £2.63 was spent, what was purchased and who has the receipt. Petty cash is a small amount of money a company keeps for small, incidental expenses.
The cash must be maintained in a secure, locked device or some other location appropriately approved by Financial Services. A petty cash box is designed to hold all the notes and coins separately from the other cash you may have, which removes any confusion around spending. It also means that team members are aware they can’t take cash from elsewhere for small expenses.
How To Manage Petty Cash
The receipts are also maintained in the online form so ease of access and better reconciliation. When petty cash is in the form of a debit card or prepaid card, approval is normally done after the expense occurs. Validity of use of petty cash can only be done post transaction in this case. The reconciliation process ensures that the fund’s remaining balance equals the difference between the original balance minus charges detailed on receipts and invoices. If the remaining balance is less than what it should be, there is a shortage.
The journal entry to fund petty cash would debit the account and credit to cash bank account. At the end of each period, the fund must be evaluated to see if there are enough funds for the future periods. If not, additional funds must be transferred from the normal business checking account. After entering all expenses, it’s time to record the replenishment. First, click Add Deposit then fill out all the required information.
How to reconcile petty cash
It helps the accounting team to track where cash has been spent and who is responsible. The petty cash transaction is then recorded on financial statements. The expenditures or purchases made using this cash are not part of the journal entries.
To reimburse expenses, require a receipt from the employee and then provide them with the exact amount of cash and coins from the lockbox. Then, place the receipt in the lockbox and record the expense in the petty cash log by entering the date, payee, description, reference number, and amount. With a petty cash fund in place, you can pay for small expenses like postage stamps, office supplies, office food and drinks, fuel expenses, parking tickets, and other unpredictable expenses. Any expense that’s too small to write a check for can be paid with cash from the petty cash fund. Note that it’s a good idea to set a maximum dollar amount for allowable expenses.
The amount left inside the box should be equal to the ending balance. Whenever cash is needed, or every month the petty cash custodian must summarize the petty cash log by expense account. Also, he must record a journal entry debiting each expense and crediting petty cash. Once you begin creating the petty cash float, your petty cash account book entry will show a debit of the amount deducted to your petty cash fund. At the same time, it will show a credit of that same amount to your bank account.
As financial transactions have become digital, many options are now available to manage petty cash. Most businesses now use different online platforms to make petty cash available to employees. Business debit cards are now made available to employees for their use. On the other hand, petty cash is hard to keep track of, and it’s prone to misuse.
Operational costs like staff salaries, utilities and subscriptions should stick to the general expenses (trust us). While the petty cash definition might be simple enough to understand, its use can be a little more complicated. Joshua is a marketing content professional with a background in education and retail. He studied Creative Writing and has five years of experience in content writing.
And when the petty cash custodian (aka your finance team) changes hands, the record-keeping is also likely to change, making it harder for auditors to follow. Without proper accountancy training, key stakeholders are left to their own devices on how to run the petty cash. When filled out correctly, the records like petty cash vouchers make tracking where the money has gone simple enough.
A petty cash account provides an easy way for employees to pay for postage, extra supplies an employee might need, or snacks you might buy for a meeting with a client. There are various scenarios where it makes more sense to use petty cash rather than reimbursing an employee through their paycheck. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recommends filing out petty cash slips and attaching them to receipts to record and document petty cash expenses. Any individual handling university cash is responsible to Texas Woman’s University for proper security and accountability. Due to the personal liability involved in performing cash handling functions, it is important that only authorized employees handle monies for university business. Employees are required to appropriately safeguard, account for and document all cash maintained on behalf of the University.
Petty cash has it’s own asset account and is reconciled at the end of every period. In order to put money into the petty cash account, money has to be taken out of the business checking account. Then, get the total of the Amount column to determine total petty cash expenses.